• Africa

    Industrial Mining: A Wild Frontier in Need of Monitoring

    by  • August 26, 2015 • Africa, Asia, Climate and Environment, Gender-Based Violence, Human Rights, Latin America • 
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    Maxima Acuña de Chaupe JORGE CHAVEZ ORTIZ

    Extracting minerals from the earth is a messy, albeit lucrative business, and the disputes that plague the industry tend to be equally challenging. As the center of international trading of mining company stocks, London is regarded by some watchdog groups as a hub of multinational mining companies that they say tends to disregard the...

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    Companies Possibly Using Conflict Minerals Fail to Disclose Such Information

    by  • August 19, 2015 • Africa, Gender-Based Violence, Peace and Security • 
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    Tin ore

    Fewer than a quarter of the 6,000 companies suspected of using minerals from the conflict region in and around the Democratic Republic of the Congo are disclosing information about their sources to United States authorities as required by American law, according to the first report on the issue from the investigative arm of the...

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    In Italy, a Patchwork of Services for Migrants Arriving at Its Shores [Video]

    by  • August 5, 2015 • Africa, Libya, Migration, Refugees • 
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    Rescue operations carried out in late June 2015 in the Channel of Sicily, Italy. FRANCESCO MALAVOLTA/IOM

    ROME — Italy is a slender peninsula ringed by 4,722 miles of coastline, a blessing that brings thousands of Italians to the sea each August for Ferragosto, the country’s summer vacation period. The coastline — one of the longest in the world — has also been attracting boats full of refugees and migrants, in...

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    Freed From Extreme Poverty, but Left Out of the Middle Class

    by  • August 3, 2015 • Africa, Asia, Caribbean, Latin America, Poverty • 
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    Tajikistan is one of the few countries in the world that made the leap from tktkt. PETTERI KOKKONEN/UNDP

    When the final assessment of what the Millennium Development Goals achieved was released on July 6, the United Nations said confidently that more than 1 billion people had been lifted from poverty since 1990, the baseline year for setting the goals, which were then monitored from 2000 to 2015. But where did these poor...

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    French Military Covered Up Sex Abuses by Its Soldiers in Central Africa, a French Journal Says

    by  • July 14, 2015 • Africa, Gender-Based Violence, Human Rights • 
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    French soldiers at the checkpoint of their base in Bangui

    Alleged rapes by French soldiers of boys in the Central African Republic from December 2013 to June 2014 were actually known by French officers in Bangui, the capital, as the sexual abuses occurred, says a new investigative report published by Mediapart, a well-respected independent French journal in Paris. The article, written in French and...

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    Europe Forges Ahead to ‘Disrupt’ Human Smuggling at Sea From Libya

    by  • June 22, 2015 • Africa, Libya, Migration, Refugees • 
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    Migrants at the port of Augusta in Sicily rescued and briefed by the International Organization for Migration. FRANCESCO MALAVOLTA/IOM

    After a month of near silence in Europe on a proposal to stop human smuggling across the Mediterranean Sea from Libya to European shores, European foreign ministers are moving ahead this week on a plan to “disrupt” smugglers’ vessels in international or European waters. The plan, introduced on June 22, was noted in the...

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    France and the UN Pressured to Act on Troops’ Sex Abuse in Central Africa

    by  • June 6, 2015 • Africa, Gender-Based Violence, UN Agencies • 1 Comment
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    The M'Poko camp, in Bangui, for internally displaced people in the Central African Republic, photographed in 2014 and where the sex abuse by international peacekeepers apparently occurred. CATIANNE TIJERINA/UN PHOTO

    The uproar over accusations that French soldiers assigned to peacekeeping had sexually abused about a dozen boys in the Central African Republic from late 2013 through mid-2014 has shifted focus from the apparent behavior of the soldiers to the role the United Nations played in dealing with the allegations. The French soldiers were not...

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    Making the Case for a Greater US Presence in UN Peacekeeping

    by  • June 2, 2015 • Africa, Peace and Security, UN Peacekeeping, US-UN Relations • 
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    A female police officer for UN peacekeeping. LOGAN ABASSI

    United Nations peacekeeping needs new kinds of tools and troops to counter the demands posed by forces waging catastrophic wars beyond the control of governments and without even a semblance of adherence to the most rudimentary ethical rules of combat or international war crimes laws. The urgent need to rethink and retool peacekeeping, already...

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    In West Africa, Guinea’s Relative Stability Is About to Be Tested With Elections

    by  • May 26, 2015 • Africa, Governance, Peace and Security • 
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    Alpha Condé, presidential candidate in Guinea in 2010, an election he won. JOE PENNEY

    Yet another nation — this time in West Africa — is experiencing violence related to elections. In Guinea, protests have been flaring as demonstrators rally against the delay of local elections in the country. Violence erupted in the capital, Conakry, earlier in May, with supporters of the opposition calling for President Alpha Condé’s resignation....

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